The Basic Facts
The tooth has three layers: The enamel is the hard outer layer, the dentin is the tissue below, and the pulp is the centre that contains the nerves and blood supply.
There are two types of teeth stains: extrinsic stains on the enamel and intrinsic stains in the dentin, which show through the enamel.
What To Look Out For
Some common causes of discoloration:
- Food, drink and smoking.Anything that can stain white clothing, such as red wine or coffee, can cause extrinsic stains. Use of tetracycline antibiotics and excess fluoride during childhood may also cause teeth to become discolored.
- Poor brushing habits. If you brush your teeth too vigorously with a hard-bristled brush or with abrasive toothpaste, it may cause the enamel to wear thin.
- Age. As part of the normal ageing process, teeth get darker as the enamel becomes thinner.
Here’s how to get a megawatt grin. Beauty Rx:
- Floss. Dr Floser Floss Dispenser, dispenses just the right amount of floss for each tooth, holding it taut for easy flossing.
- Brush twice a day for two minutes each session.
- Brighten at home with Colgate Simply White. Apply gel twice daily for best results in 14 days. Home treatment kits with custom-made trays can also be bought after a consultation with a dentist.
- Seek professional help. Visit your dentist every six months for a thorough cleaning to remove extrinsic stains. Dentists can also perform professional bleaching, which lightens teeth by several shades in one to two hours.
External stains can be reduced by regular brushing and flossing as well as by decreasing your teeth’s exposure to things that stain. For example, better to limit yourself to one or two cups of coffee a day taken over a short period of time as opposed to many cups of coffee taken over many hours. For intrinsic stains, it’s best to discuss whitening and other teeth enhancement options with a dentist. Whitening is non-permanent and needs to be maintained and touched up. You can also opt for more permanent solutions like porcelain veneers or crowns to enhance your smile.